Warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/graamam/public_html/gramam/plugins/system/J2top.php on line 86
Case Study


Whos online

We have 24 guests online


Warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/graamam/public_html/gramam/modules/mod_stats/helper.php on line 106
Content View Hits : 269672



      Colonial procedures and processes are sacrosanct in anglophile countries of south Asia. It pervades every aspect of post colonial life. The use of English in administration and higher educational institutions is the foundation of colonial status quo and foundation of the corrupt bureaucracy.  Administrative innovations are at best incremental to existing colonial processes. Hence in the highly centralised civil service system, a petition from ordinary villager takes one hundred and fifty desks and number of years to reach Delhi. The first administrative reforms in 1964 found out that it takes twelve years.

      The book lists out few of the hundreds and hundreds of administrative processes that are considered sacrosanct in Indian administration. Two of the visible processes in Indian Police are listed below.


       The British colonial police force introduced a riot drill in 1931 to counter salt satyagraha of Mahatma Gandhi. It entices the ordinary colonial police personnel to hit on the most vulnerable parts of the body such as head, abdomen, neck and mouth so that the unarmed freedom fighters are grievously injured and intimidated. Hitherto no effort has been taken to even change it despite hundreds of incidents of human right violations in every part of the country and judicial pronouncements to change it.

Video: Salt Satyagraha, 1931
         More than six decades of independence could not change the methods of British colonial police in assaulting and firing at protestors.


The movement of the troops is slow in   limited directions, bereft of any tactics and without any provision to arrest the leaders. The Mob Drill exercises and cut are essentially to deal with the crowds which do not carry missiles such as stones or petrol bombs as during freedom struggle.

The archaic mob control drill trains the police personnel to attack non violent freedom fighters by hitting on the most vulnerable body parts such as neck, head, chest, and abdomen and on face.
The riot drill is more realistic and dynamic. The troops move fast, advance in different directions, arrest the leaders, take to various strategic positions and have multitude of tactics to enforce law. It intends to control modern mobs that carry stones, petrol bombs, sticks and weapons.

The Lathy action intends to hit the members of the mob on limbs. No provision to hit above the neck and fatal parts in the torso such as chest, or abdomen.


       Police officers above the rank of Sub-Inspectors are given handguns that may be a Pistol or Revolver. Lakhs of Police officers carry the gun on the left side of the hip in India. This Indian system of holstering the weapon on left side was introduced during the era of East India Company. But in other native language countries of the west or east, all carry the small arms on the right side. The whole world has shifted the handgun from left side to right in the 1950s.It is the most efficient and safe method of handling the weapon. 

Video: How to draw a weapon - Courtesy 


       Indian style of drawing weapon is colonial legacy dating back to English East India company when sword was the main weapon of battles.



       Guiding souls of Indian uniformed services: Soldiers of French East India Company and English East India Company in the eighteenth and nineteenth century India, drawing weapon from the left and sword on the right.

  Modern British lady police officer and Patrol officers with handguns on right hand side

         Chinese and American uniformed personnel with handguns on right hand side. Moreover they follow modern safety methods and efficient firing stances.


         It has taken only a few minutes and a few days of training for all police personnel in native language countries to shift the weapon from left hip to right. But even after sixty years it could not be done in India and worse at least realize the importance of obviously simple position that carries immense importance to the officer. It can decide whether he lives.

Read Malayalathinde Bhaavi-Bhasha Asoothranavum, Maanava Vikasanavum” (The Future of malayalam - Language Planning and Human Devolopment) in Malayalam written by K. Sethu Raman published by Maathrubhoomi Books for further details and analysis.